A brief history of Hull
No one is sure exactly when the city of Hull was founded, but it is first mentioned in 1193, as Wyke Upon Hull. The town was founded by the monks of Meaux abbey, who required a port to export the wool that they produced. Holy Trinity church was constructed in 1285. The port was so successful that in 1293 the King at the time, Edward I, purchased it from the Monks and renamed it Kingston Upon Hull. The port was expanded in order to assist with the Kings crusades in Scotland.
Prior to the towns acquisition by the King, the town had a right to hold once weekly markets, and one fair. After the acquisition, the King allowed two weekly markets, and increased the duration of the fair to 30 days. He also established a mint and an exchange in the town. The Carmelite Firars, designated the ‘White Friars’ for the colour of their robes, arrived the same year that the town was purchased by the King. Soon after, both Augustinian and Dominican Friars, Black and Grey Friars respectively, also arrived in the town. A Carthusian Priory and a small hospital run by the monks also appeared in the town. The town was fortified with a stonewall and a ditch in the Early fourteenth century.
During Henry VIII’s reign, the Priory and Friaries were closed, and control of the Carthusian hospital was handed to the town council. In 1541, King Henry VIII ordered that the towns defences be upgraded. He ordered that two blockhouses and a castle were to be built, as well as a bridge across the river Hull, which was previously only traverseable by ferry. In 1552, control of the forts was given to the town council. During the mid 16th and early 17th century, Hull was ravaged by the plague several times. The final outbreak killed around ten percent of the population, including the mayor.
In 1642, the King was refused entry to the city by Sir John Hotham. It is one of the events thought to have sparked the English Civil war, which began proper in August of that Year. Whilzt the rest of the North was under Royalist control, Hull was able to be reinforced and resupplied by sea, as the Navy was allied with Parliament. The city was beseiged several times by Royalists, but was defrated each time. Late in this century, Hull’s defences were modernised, to include a triangular fort which encompassed the castle’s Citadel and Southern blockhouse.
During the 18th Century, Hull faced many changes. A dock was built to help ease the congested port, and other industries shrunk until the only major manufacturing industry left in Hull was ship building. The population also increased greatly, growing from around 7,500 in 1700, to 22,000 in 1800. Hull Royal Infirmary opened in 1782. During the late 18th and early 19th century, the towns walls were demolished, and suburbs were constructed around the towns limits.
During the beginning of the 19th Century, two more docks were constructed, as well as more suburbs for the town. The towns first telephone exchange, electricity generating station, and gas street lights were installed during this century. Hull also gained its first professional police force, and volunteer fire brigade. The school of art, and the technical school were opened in this century. Hull was made a city in 1897. The population of Hull boomed during the 1800s, going from 22,000 at the start, to 239,000 in 1901.
Hull City hall was built in 1909, and the Guildhall was built in 1916. Hull saw a lot of action in both World Wars. During WWI, the City was plagued by Zepplin raids. One such raid came within a hundred metres of levelling Holy Trinity church, but the church survived intact aside from some broken stained glass windows. Luftwaffe bombings during the Second World War destroyed much of the area around the old town, and made Hull the most bombed area outside of London. After the World Wars, much happened in Hull. The university opened in 1954, followed by the construction of the tidal barrier in 1980, and the Humber Bridge in 1981. All of Hull’s museums opened during the 1900s, including the historic docks, the Hull and East Riding museum, and the Arctic Corsair.
A brief look at the Streets
The streets that I have chosen to look at are in Hull’s old town, at the top of Whitefriargate. The streets are part of Hull’s old town, and contain a variety of styles of architecture, which are in use as a large a variety of shops, pubs, restaurants, and clubs. Silver Street contains the entrance to the Trinity Market, which contains a large variety of small shops, and food vendors. A second entrance is located on Trinity House Lane, and a third on Market Place. The indoor market has a large decorative facade on Silver Street. The streets of the area are all narrow, and the buildings quite tall, and close together. Many of the buildings down Trinity house lane have been modernised, and contain clubs and other food outlets.
During the daytime, the area is fairly central to many large institutions, including Market Place, which is home to many solicitors and other large businesses, Parliament street, and The Guildhall. These places all contain many people that will visit the shops down these streets to get something to eat during their lunch hours, such as the William Wilberforce, or Bob Carver’s fish and chip shop.
During the night time, I imagine that Silver Street and Trinity House Lane would be significantly busier than during the day. There is a club on the corner of Trinity House Lane and Whitefriargate, and both streets contain several old pubs. The Land of Green Ginger has a single old pub down it, but does contain a road with plenty of parking spaces, which would be perfect for car and taxi-parking. Trinity Market is closed during the evenings and night.
Currently, the area is not easily reachable by many forms of transport. Silver street and the Land of Green Ginger are not very wide, and the parking spaces down both roads are frequently full, making the road very awkward for cars, and completely un-navigable for buses or lorries. Trinity House lane is accessible by car, but has no road, and is consistently full of people, so is awkward to navigate.
I have several favourite parts of the area. My first is the Silver street entrance to Hepworth Arcade. The arcade has a large Edwardian facade that ascends three floors, constructed of stone and wood. I like architectural style, and the fact that it it highly decorative and ornate. The colour of the arcade also stands out from the rest of the street, as the black and white paint of the facade is a contrast from the other stone buildings of the street. I also like The Kingston pub on the corner of Trinity House lane and North Church Side. The double aspect exterior is highly decorated, and rendered in pastel blue and white, with plenty of carved featured on the outside of the building.
The streets are narrow, and all the buildings have several floors. In gameplay terms, this would mean that a lot of close quarters combat would take place, but there are several positions where heavy weapons or snipers could take position, in order to harass hostiles. The streets would not be wide enough for large or long vehicles, meaning that combatants would have to dismount and make their way around on foot, without the protection of their vehicle.
This is a panoramic image that I created using photographs that I took, and the automate function in Adobe Photoshop. The image is of the junction where all three of the streets that I am doing meet.
ed. Allison, K. J. (1969) A History of the County of York East Riding: Volume 1, the City of Kingston Upon Hull, 1st edition, London: Victoria County History [online] Available from: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/yorks/east/vol1/pp11-85 [Accessed: 18 March 2016]
Lambert, T. (2016) A History of Hull [online] Available from: http://www.localhistories.org/hull.html [Accessed: 18th March 2016]
Hull Daily Mail (2015) How did The Land of Green Ginger get its name? [online] Available from: http://www.hulldailymail.co.uk/did-Land-Green-Ginger/story-27997531-detail/story.html [Accessed: 18th March 2016]